Dermatology located in Fairfax, VA

Eczema is an uncomfortable skin condition that can affect both children and adults. At Integrated Dermatology of Fairfax in Fairfax, Virginia, the board-certified dermatologists offer superior treatment and care for those suffering from this skin condition. To learn more or to seek a solution for eczema, call the friendly office staff or book an appointment online today.

What is eczema?

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition known for causing redness, inflammation, and itching. It often manifests as patches of dry, scaly skin that can be intensely itchy, leading to discomfort and distress. 

Eczema is a prevalent skin disorder, particularly in children, but it can persist or onset at any age.

What are the symptoms of eczema?

The symptoms of eczema can vary in severity. They include:

  • Red or brownish-gray patches of inflamed skin
  • Intense itching
  • Swelling
  • Cracked and blistered skin
  • Oozing
  • Crusting

Eczema tends to appear on the face, hands, feet, and the folds of the elbows and knees, though it can occur on any part of the body.

What causes eczema?

The exact cause of eczema isn’t fully understood, but it’s believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. 

Those with a family history of eczema, allergies, or asthma are more predisposed to developing the condition. Environmental triggers, such as exposure to irritants, allergens, or extreme temperatures, can exacerbate symptoms. 

A malfunction in the immune system and defects in the skin barrier function may also contribute to the development of eczema.

How is eczema treated?

There are several ways to treat eczema. Moisturization is fundamental to alleviating dryness and maintaining skin hydration. Topical corticosteroids or other anti-inflammatory creams and ointments may be prescribed to control inflammation and itching. In cases where bacterial infection occurs due to scratching, antibiotics may be necessary.

Your provider may recommend systemic medications like oral corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, or biologics for more severe cases or those unresponsive to conventional treatments.

The Integrated Dermatology of Fairfax team also uses phototherapy, involving exposure to controlled amounts of ultraviolet light as an effective treatment.

How can I prevent eczema?

Preventive measures include:

  • Identifying and avoiding triggers that worsen symptoms
  • Maintaining good skin care practices
  • Using hypoallergenic products

While eczema is a chronic condition with no cure, you can practice effective management strategies to significantly reduce your symptoms and improve your quality of life. 

If you or your child suffers from eczema, book an appointment today with the expert dermatology specialists at Integrated Dermatology of Fairfax by phone or online. They can develop an individualized treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.